19 Mar2024March 20, 2024

What is the Continuous Flow? “Proto-Conversations”

The Continuous Flow is part of Dr. Greenspan’s 4th social-emotional milestone and is the most important capacity within all of the milestones in his Greenspan/DIR™ Model.   The capacity for engaging in a continuous flow of reciprocal affective interactions enables the child to modulate (understand and consistently and proportionately respond to) sensory and emotional experiences. ...

16 Mar2024March 16, 2024

How to set up a Play or therapy Space  for Social-Emotional Growth

When applying an intervention for children with social-emotional challenges/delays, caregivers and professionals must maintain focus on the core fundamental process driving social-emotional development, sustained dynamic co-regulated interactions. Creating a sensory and emotionally supportive environment for a child can maximize the effectiveness of an intervention.  However, if the environment does not support both the sensory and...

11 Mar2024March 11, 2024

‘Perceived Trauma’ and its Impact on Behavior and Social-Emotional Health

Let me start by saying that all trauma is perceived because trauma is defined by the mind and body’s response to intense experiences that threaten or cause harm.  Trauma defines our individual emotional and physical response to these events and doesn’t define the event itself.  This should not downplay the significance or impact of trauma. ...

08 Mar2024March 8, 2024

Should Language Goals be Prioritized for Children with Communication Delays, like ASD?

While speech and language are very important tools that can help us effectively communicate, language is not the only type of human communication. Research has determined that 70%-93% of our communication is non-verbal (Mehrabian A. Silent messages: a wealth of information about nonverbal communication (body language) 2016 http://www.kaaj.com/psych/smorder.html). While there is still a debate about...

22 Feb2024February 22, 2024

How Social-Emotional Interactions Drive Sensory-based Interventions: UNDERSTANDING AYRES SENSORY INTEGRATION® and Floortime

In the 1960’s, Jean Ayres, an occupational therapist, psychologist, and neuroscientist challenged traditional occupational therapy ideals by looking at the whole child and their perception and response to their environment, not simply focusing on specific components of a motor pattern.  In 1972, Ayres stated that sensory systems develop in an integrated manner and depend on...

16 Feb2024February 17, 2024

Where do Children Learn Social Skills, At School or at Home?

Research shows, and professionals agree, that having social interest and developing social skills are necessary for long term social-emotional health.  However, there seems to be a common misconception that schools and ‘peer modeling’ are responsible for a child’s social skill development.  While that would make everyone’s lives easier, it is simply not true. Social skills...

07 Feb2024February 8, 2024

Communication and Language development rely on the development of the motor System

As our knowledge of the brain continues to grow so does our understanding of human development and learning.  The research study, “Single-neuronal elements of speech production in humans” deepens our understanding of the development and use of language for communication purposes as part of a complex multi-faceted process that involves both ideation and planning.  It...

16 Dec2023December 16, 2023

“Relate, Communicate, and Think”

Dr. Stanley Greenspan defined Floortime as an intervention that focused on strengthening a  child’s ability to relate, communicate, and think. He developed the milestones in his Greenspan/DIR Model and his milestone as a guide to understand a child’s social-emotional abilities and challenges, and to help parents and professionals encourage development within these 3 areas.  While...

16 Dec2023December 16, 2023

Who’s Doing the Thinking?

If you were lucky enough to have experienced a consultation with Dr. Greenspan, whether in person or reviewing a video of one of your sessions together, inevitably you would’ve heard the question, “who’s doing the thinking?” It was one of his favorite questions to ask because it refers to one of the most important and...

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